Military Archives Timeline

Military Archives’ has produced an illustrated timeline of the period 1913-1921 based on the Bureau of Military History’s Chronology. The primary purpose of the Bureau of Military History Chronology was to provide ‘a concise code of reference in date sequence for the investigation staff of the bureau’. Entries in the Chronology were selected from published sources only. Any potential omissions are due to a lack of available published reference at the time the Chronology was being compiled.

1914 was a turbulent year in Irish history which is evidenced by the volume of entries recorded in the Chronology for that year. Significant events such as the Curragh mutiny, the foundation of Cumann na mBan, the Irish Parliamentary Party bid to take control of the Irish Volunteers, the Buckingham Palace Conference and the outbreak of World War I and subsequent split in the Volunteers are all detailed. More routine entries demonstrate the establishment and the geography of the Volunteer movement, efforts to equip Ulster and Irish Volunteers and the development of Fianna Éreann, Cumann na mBan and the Irish Citizen Army.

Efforts have been made to verify each entry in the Chronology however there are occasional conflicts with dates; for example the pilgrimage to Wolfe Tone.s grave at Bodenstown is listed in the Chronology as 26th June 1914 when contemporary press reports date it to Sunday 21st June. The background image for 1914 is the masthead of the .National Volunteer. newspaper. The paper was established following the split in the Irish Volunteers in support of John Redmond and the vast majority of the Irish Volunteer movement; the motto used by the paper was "Defence not Defiance".

1912 and 1913 represent the foundational years for the decade of commemorations and will assist researchers in studying the period. Entries for 1912 are dominated by the Home Rule bill and demonstrations both in favour and opposed to its enactment. The Government of Ireland Bill in Apr 1912, the signing of the Ulster Covenant in September 1912 and the formation of the Ulster Volunteers in Dec 1912 represent some of the critical events of the year. The introduction and reaction to the Home Rule bill and its passage to the Houses of Commons and Lords dominates the 1913 chronology entries. Entries in 1913 includes calls for the establishment of the Irish Citizen Army by James Larkin and the formation of the Irish Volunteers on 25 November 1913. The Bureau of Military History chronology has been supported by digital copies of related documents from the Military Archives and other institutions.

All relevant credits have been provided where records from outside the Military Archives have been used. Background images provided courtesy of the National Library of Ireland.


Credit Information

The sources contained in the Chronology have been taken mainly from contemporary press and national journals of the period, but also from press and other publications of later dates. The absence of a name source of index letter indicates it was taken from contemporary press.

Irish Volunteer Vol 2 1914-1916 A
Irish Times Handbook 1916 B
The Royal Commission on Rebellion in Ireland C
The Catholic Bulletin1916-1917 D
An Poblacht, April 1922 E
An t Óglach F
Recollections of an Irish Rebel (Devoy) 1929 G
Enniscorthy Echo 1930 H
Bibliography of Irish History (Carthy), 1936 J
The Irish Republic (McArdle)1937 K
The Capuchin Annual 1942 L
The history of the Citizen Army (Fox)1943 M
War by the Irish (McCann) 1946 N
Hansard: Official records of the House of Commons and House of Lords O
Diaries of Field Marshall Sir Henry Wilson (Caldwell) P
Dáil Éireann Official Records 1919-1922 R
Michael Collins by Beaslaí, 1926 S
Guerilla Days in Ireland (Barry) 1949 T
The Irish Bulletin, 1920-1921 U
My Fight for Irish Freedom (Breen) 1924 V
Cork’s Fighting Story W1
Kerry’s Fighting Story W2
Dublin’s Fighting Story W3
Limerick’s Fighting Story